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Requirements for sustainable ethanol

What we are doing now has not been done before. It should therefore be regarded as an initial step on which to build. Further criteria can be added later, the scope can be broadened and the requirements of the criteria can be increased.

At least 85 % reduction in fossil carbon dioxide compared with petrol, from a well to-wheel perspective +

• Field-to-wheel perspective
    – Cultivation, production, transportation
    – Total CO2 emissions from Brazil to Sweden
• Calculations according to RTFO principles
• Fossil input: fertilizers, pesticides, fossil energy
• Renewable output: ethanol, energy (steam, electricity)

At least 30 % mechanisation of the harvest now, plus a planned increase in the degree of mechanisation to 100 % +

• Benefits of mechanized harvesting:
    – Lower local particle emissions
    – Better work environment
    – Improved reduction of CO2
• Disadvantages:
    – Risk of unemployment
• 30 % mechanized harvest first year
• Implementation plan for 100% mechanization

Zero tolerance for felling of rain forest +

• No deforestation of rainforest is permitted
• Deforestation of other forests according to national laws
    – Permits required
    – Brazilian law: cut down 1 tree, replant 25 new
        • To preserve biodiversity
• Land use change

Zero tolerance for child labour +

• Child labor below 16 years of age
    – Defined according to Brazilian law
• Apprentice from 14 years of age

• In compliance with article 1 and 2 in ILO convention 138

Rights and safety measures for all employees in accordance with UN guidelines +

• Zero tolerance to forced labor (”slave labor”)
• Workers right to organize in unions etc.
• All employees must be registered
• Employees must be paid at least minimum wages
• Health & safety policies shall be in place and followed

Ecological consideration in accordance with UNICA's environmental initiative +

• Protection of forests close to water areas
• Protection of water resources
• Program for reuse of water in industrial processes and for conservation of water quality
• Implementation plan for soil conservation
• Plan for reduction of environmental impacts from production

Continuous monitoring that the criteria are being met +

• Monitoring and verification of the criteria’s shall be done through audits by an independent third party
• Non compliance
    – Observation
        • Shall be corrected before next audit
    – Minor Non Compliance
        • Shall be corrected within 3 months
    – Major Non Compliance
        • A plan for mitigation shall be submitted within 14 days
        • Always followed by an extra audit
• Full traceability of all physical flows

 

Questions?

On our Q&A page you will find many questions about the sustainable ethanol initiative answered.

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Suggestions?

The system for verified sustainable ethanol is still in development and we appreciate comments and suggestions for improvements.

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